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During the development cycle of version 1.6, much more time was spent reviewing
poor quality submissions, fixing them and troubleshooting the bugs they
introduced than doing any development work. This is not acceptable as it ends
up with people actually slowing down the project for the features they're the
only ones interested in. On the other end of the scale, there are people who
make the effort of polishing their work to contribute excellent quality work
which doesn't even require a review. Contrary to what newcomers may think, it's
very easy to reach that level of quality and get your changes accepted quickly,
even late in the development cycle. It only requires that you make your homework
and not rely on others to do it for you. The most important point is that
HAProxy is a community-driven project, all involved participants must respect
all other ones' time and work.
It is possible that you'll want to add a specific feature to satisfy your needs
or one of your customers'. Contributions are welcome, however maintainers are
often very picky about changes. Patches that change massive parts of the code,
or that touch the core parts without any good reason will generally be rejected
if those changes have not been discussed first.
The proper place to discuss your changes is the HAProxy Mailing List. There are
enough skilled readers to catch hazardous mistakes and to suggest improvements.
There is no other place where you'll find as many skilled people on the project,
and these people can help you get your code integrated quickly. You can
subscribe to it by sending an empty e-mail at the following address :
If you have an idea about something to implement, *please* discuss it on the
list first. It has already happened several times that two persons did the same
thing simultaneously. This is a waste of time for both of them. It's also very
common to see some changes rejected because they're done in a way that will
conflict with future evolutions, or that does not leave a good feeling. It's
always unpleasant for the person who did the work, and it is unpleasant in
general because value people's time and efforts are valuable and would be better
spent working on something else. That would not happen if these were discussed
first. There is no problem posting work in progress to the list, it happens
quite often in fact. Also, don't waste your time with the doc when submitting
patches for review, only add the doc with the patch you consider ready to merge.
Another important point concerns code portability. Haproxy requires gcc as the
C compiler, and may or may not work with other compilers. However it's known to
build using gcc 2.95 or any later version. As such, it is important to keep in
mind that certain facilities offered by recent versions must not be used in the
code :
- declarations mixed in the code (requires gcc >= 3.x and is a bad practice)
- GCC builtins without checking for their availability based on version and
architecture ;
- assembly code without any alternate portable form for other platforms
- use of stdbool.h, "bool", "false", "true" : simply use "int", "0", "1"
- in general, anything which requires C99 (such as declaring variables in
"for" statements)
Since most of these restrictions are just a matter of coding style, it is
normally not a problem to comply.
If your work is very confidential and you can't publicly discuss it, you can
also mail directly about it, but your mail may be waiting
several days in the queue before you get a response. Retransmit if you don't
get a response by one week.
If you'd like a feature to be added but you think you don't have the skills to
implement it yourself, you should follow these steps :
1. discuss the feature on the mailing list. It is possible that someone
else has already implemented it, or that someone will tell you how to
proceed without it, or even why not to do it. It is also possible that
in fact it's quite easy to implement and people will guide you through
the process. That way you'll finally have YOUR patch merged, providing
the feature YOU need.
2. if you really can't code it yourself after discussing it, then you may
consider contacting someone to do the job for you. Some people on the
list might sometimes be OK with trying to do it.
Rules : the 12 laws of patch contribution
People contributing patches must apply the following rules. That may sound heavy
at the beginning but it's common sense more than anything else and contributors
do not think about them anymore after a few patches.
1) Before modifying some code, you have read the LICENSE file ("main license")
coming with the sources, and all the files this file references. Certain
files may be covered by different licenses, in which case it will be
indicated in the files themselves. In any case, you agree to respect these
licenses and to contribute your changes under the same licenses. If you want
to create new files, they will be under the main license, or any license of
your choice that you have verified to be compatible with the main license,
and that will be explicitly mentionned in the affected files. The project's
maintainers are free to reject contributions proposing license changes they
feel are not appropriate or could cause future trouble.
2) Your work may only be based on the latest development version. No development
is made on a stable branch. If your work needs to be applied to a stable
branch, it will first be applied to the development branch and only then will
be backported to the stable branch. You are responsible for ensuring that
your work correctly applies to the development version. If at any moment you
are going to work on restructuring something important which may impact other
contributors, the rule that applies is that the first sent is the first
served. However it is considered good practice and politeness to warn others
in advance if you know you're going to make changes that may force them to
re-adapt their code, because they did probably not expect to have to spend
more time discovering your changes and rebasing their work.
3) You have read and understood "doc/codingstyle.txt", and you're actively
determined to respect it and to enforce it on your coworkers if you're going
to submit a team's work. We don't care what text editor you use, whether it's
an hex editor, cat, vi, emacs, Notepad, Word, or even Eclipse. The editor is
only the interface between you and the text file. What matters is what is in
the text file in the end. The editor is not an excuse for submitting poorly
indented code, which only proves that the person has no consideration for
quality and/or has done it in a hurry (probably worse). Please note that most
bugs were found in low-quality code. Reviewers know this and tend to be much
more reluctant to accept poorly formated code because by experience they
won't trust their author's ability to write correct code. It is also worth
noting that poor quality code is painful to read and may result in nobody
willing to waste their time even reviewing your work.
4) The time it takes for you to polish your code is always much smaller than the
time it takes others to do it for you, because they always have to wonder if
what they see is intended (meaning they didn't understand something) or if it
is a mistake that needs to be fixed. And since there are less reviewers than
submitters, it is vital to spread the effort closer to where the code is
written and not closer to where it gets merged. For example if you have to
write a report for a customer that your boss wants to review before you send
it to the customer, will you throw on his desk a pile of paper with stains,
typos and copy-pastes everywhere ? Will you say "come on, OK I made a mistake
in the company's name but they will find it by themselves, it's obvious it
comes from us" ? No. When in doubt, simply ask for help on the mailing list.
5) There are four levels of importance of quality in the project :
- The most important one, and by far, is the quality of the user-facing
documentation. This is the first contact for most users and it immediately
gives them an accurate idea of how the project is maintained. Dirty docs
necessarily belong to a dirty project. Be careful to the way the text you
add is presented and indented. Be very careful about typos, usual mistakes
such as double consonants when only one is needed or "it's" instead of
"its", don't mix US english and UK english in the same paragraph, etc.
When in doubt, check in a dictionary. Fixes for existing typos in the doc
are always welcome and chasing them is a good way to become familiar with
the project and to get other participants' respect and consideration.
- The second most important level is user-facing messages emitted by the
code. You must try to see all the messages your code produces to ensure
they are understandable outside of the context where you wrote them,
because the user often doesn't expect them. That's true for warnings, and
that's even more important for errors which prevent the program from
working and which require an immediate and well understood fix in the
configuration. It's much better to say "line 35: compression level must be
an integer between 1 and 9" than "invalid argument at line 35". In HAProxy,
error handling roughly represents half of the code, and that's about 3/4 of
the configuration parser. Take the time to do something you're proud of. A
good rule of thumb is to keep in mind that your code talks to a human and
tries to teach him/her how to proceed. It must then speak like a human.
- The third most important level is the code and its accompanying comments,
including the commit message which is a complement to your code and
comments. It's important for all other contributors that the code is
readable, fluid, understandable and that the commit message describes what
was done, the choices made, the possible alternatives you thought about,
the reason for picking this one and its limits if any. Comments should be
written where it's easy to have a doubt or after some error cases have been
wiped out and you want to explain what possibilities remain. All functions
must have a comment indicating what they take on input and what they
provide on output. Please adjust the comments when you copy-paste a
function or change its prototype, this type of lazy mistake is too common
and very confusing when reading code later to debug an issue. Do not forget
that others will feel really angry at you when they have to dig into your
code for a bug that your code caused and they feel like this code is dirty
or confusing, that the commit message doesn't explain anything useful and
that the patch should never have been accepted in the first place. That
will strongly impact your reputation and will definitely affect your
chances to contribute again!
- The fourth level of importance is in the technical documentation that you
may want to add with your code. Technical documentation is always welcome
as it helps others make the best use of your work and to go exactly in the
direction you thought about during the design. This is also what reduces
the risk that your design gets changed in the near future due to a misuse
and/or a poor understanding. All such documentation is actually considered
as a bonus. It is more important that this documentation exists than that
it looks clean. Sometimes just copy-pasting your draft notes in a file to
keep a record of design ideas is better than losing them. Please do your
best so that other ones can read your doc. If these docs require a special
tool such as a graphics utility, ensure that the file name makes it
unambiguous how to process it. So there are no rules here for the contents,
except one. Please write the date in your file. Design docs tend to stay
forever and to remain long after they become obsolete. At this point that
can cause harm more than it can help. Writing the date in the document
helps developers guess the degree of validity and/or compare them with the
date of certain commits touching the same area.
6) All text files and commit messages are written using the US-ASCII charset.
Please be careful that your contributions do not contain any character not
printable using this charset, as they will render differently in different
editors and/or terminals. Avoid latin1 and more importantly UTF-8 which some
editors tend to abuse to replace some US-ASCII characters with their
typographic equivalent which aren't readable anymore in other editors. The
only place where alternative charsets are tolerated is in your name in the
commit message, but it's at your own risk as it can be mangled during the
merge. Anyway if you have an e-mail address, you probably have a valid
US-ASCII representation for it as well.
7) Be careful about comments when you move code around. It's not acceptable that
a block of code is moved to another place leaving irrelevant comments at the
old place, just like it's not acceptable that a function is duplicated without
the comments being adjusted. The example below started to become quite common
during the 1.6 cycle, it is not acceptable and wastes everyone's time :
/* Parse switching <str> to build rule <rule>. Returns 0 on error. */
int parse_switching_rule(const char *str, struct rule *rule)
/* Parse switching <str> to build rule <rule>. Returns 0 on error. */
void execute_switching_rule(struct rule *rule)
This patch is not acceptable either (and it's unfortunately not that rare) :
+ if (!session || !arg || list_is_empty(&session->rules->head))
+ return 0;
/* Check if session->rules is valid before dereferencing it */
if (!session->rules_allocated)
return 0;
- if (!arg || list_is_empty(&session->rules->head))
- return 0;
8) Limit the length of your identifiers in the code. When your identifiers start
to sound like sentences, it's very hard for the reader to keep on track with
what operation they are observing. Also long names force expressions to fit
on several lines which also cause some difficulties to the reader. See the
example below :
int file_name_len_including_global_path;
int file_name_len_without_global_path;
int global_path_len_or_zero_if_default;
if (global_path)
global_path_len_or_zero_if_default = strlen(global_path);
global_path_len_or_zero_if_default = 0;
file_name_len_without_global_path = strlen(file_name);
file_name_len_including_global_path =
file_name_len_without_global_path + 1 + /* for '/' */
global_path_len_or_zero_if_default ?
global_path_len_or_zero_if_default : default_path_len;
Compare it to this one :
int f, p;
p = global_path ? strlen(global_path) : default_path_len;
f = p + 1 + strlen(file_name); /* 1 for '/' */
A good rule of thumb is that if your identifiers start to contain more than
3 words or more than 15 characters, they can become confusing. For function
names it's less important especially if these functions are rarely used or
are used in a complex context where it is important to differenciate between
their multiple variants.
9) Your patches should be sent in "diff -up" format, which is also the format
used by Git. This means the "unified" diff format must be used exclusively,
and with the function name printed in the diff header of each block. That
significantly helps during reviews. Keep in mind that most reviews are done
on the patch and not on the code after applying the patch. Your diff must
keep some context (3 lines above and 3 lines below) so that there's no doubt
where the code has to be applied. Don't change code outside of the context of
your patch (eg: take care of not adding/removing empty lines once you remove
your debugging code). If you are using Git (which is strongly recommended),
please produce your patches using "git format-patch" and not "git diff", and
always use "git show" after doing a commit to ensure it looks good, and
enable syntax coloring that will automatically report in red the trailing
spaces or tabs that your patch added to the code and that must absolutely be
removed. These ones cause a real pain to apply patches later because they
mangle the context in an invisible way. Such patches with trailing spaces at
end of lines will be rejected.
10) Please cut your work in series of patches that can be independantly reviewed
and merged. Each patch must do something on its own that you can explain to
someone without being ashamed of what you did. For example, you must not say
"This is the patch that implements SSL, it was tricky". There's clearly
something wrong there, your patch will be huge, will definitely break things
and nobody will be able to figure what exactly introduced the bug. However
it's much better to say "I needed to add some fields in the session to store
the SSL context so this patch does this and doesn't touch anything else, so
it's safe". Also when dealing with series, you will sometimes fix a bug that
one of your patches introduced. Please do merge these fixes (eg: using git
rebase -i and squash or fixup), as it is not acceptable to see patches which
introduce known bugs even if they're fixed later. Another benefit of cleanly
splitting patches is that if some of your patches need to be reworked after
a review, the other ones can still be merged so that you don't need to care
about them anymore. When sending multiple patches for review, prefer to send
one e-mail per patch than all patches in a single e-mail. The reason is that
not everyone is skilled in all areas nor has the time to review everything
at once. With one patch per e-mail, it's easy to comment on a single patch
without giving an opinion on the other ones, especially if a long thread
starts about one specific patch on the mailing list. "git send-email" does
that for you though it requires a few trials before getting it right.
11) Please properly format your commit messages. While it's not strictly
required to use Git, it is strongly recommended because it helps you do the
cleanest job with the least effort. Patches always have the format of an
e-mail made of a subject, a description and the actual patch. If you're
sending a patch as an e-mail formated this way, it can quickly be applied
with limited effort so that's acceptable. But in any case, it is important
that there is a clean description of what the patch does, the motivation for
what it does, why it's the best way to do it, its impacts, and what it does
not yet cover. Also, in HAProxy, like many projects which take a great care
of maintaining stable branches, patches are reviewed later so that some of
them can be backported to stable releases. While reviewing hundreds of
patches can seem cumbersome, with a proper formating of the subject line it
actually becomes very easy. For example, here's how one can find patches
that need to be reviewed for backports (bugs and doc) between since commit
ID 827752e :
$ git log --oneline 827752e.. | grep 'BUG\|DOC'
0d79cf6 DOC: fix function name
bc96534 DOC: ssl: missing LF
10ec214 BUG/MEDIUM: lua: the lua fucntion Channel:close() causes a segf
bdc97a8 BUG/MEDIUM: lua: outgoing connection was broken since 1.6-dev2
ba56d9c DOC: mention support for RFC 5077 TLS Ticket extension in start
f1650a8 DOC: clarify some points about SSL and the proxy protocol
b157d73 BUG/MAJOR: peers: fix current table pointer not re-initialized
e1ab808 BUG/MEDIUM: peers: fix wrong message id on stick table updates
cc79b00 BUG/MINOR: ssl: TLS Ticket Key rotation broken via socket comma
d8e42b6 DOC: add new file intro.txt
c7d7607 BUG/MEDIUM: lua: bad error processing
386a127 DOC: match several lua configuration option names to those impl
0f4eadd BUG/MEDIUM: counters: ensure that src_{inc,clr}_gpc0 creates a
It is made possible by the fact that subject lines are properly formated and
always respect the same principle : one part indicating the nature and
severity of the patch, another one to indicate which subsystem is affected,
and the last one is a succint description of the change, with the important
part at the beginning so that it's obvious what it does even when lines are
truncated like above. The whole stable maintenance process relies on this.
For this reason, it is mandatory to respect some easy rules regarding the
way the subject is built. Please see the section below for more information
regarding this formating.
12) When submitting changes, please always CC the mailing list address so that
everyone gets a chance to spot any issue in your code. It will also serve
as an advertisement for your work, you'll get more testers quicker and
you'll feel better knowing that people really use your work. It is also
important to CC any author mentionned in the file you change, or a subsystem
maintainers whose address is mentionned in a MAINTAINERS file. Not everyone
reads the list on a daily basis so it's very easy to miss some changes.
Don't consider it as a failure when a reviewer tells you you have to modify
your patch, actually it's a success because now you know what is missing for
your work to get accepted. That's why you should not hesitate to CC enough
people. Don't copy people who have no deal with your work area just because
you found their address on the list. That's the best way to appear careless
about their time and make them reject your changes in the future.
Patch classifying rules
There are 3 criteria of particular importance in any patch :
- its nature (is it a fix for a bug, a new feature, an optimization, ...)
- its importance, which generally reflects the risk of merging/not merging it
- what area it applies to (eg: http, stats, startup, config, doc, ...)
It's important to make these 3 criteria easy to spot in the patch's subject,
because it's the first (and sometimes the only) thing which is read when
reviewing patches to find which ones need to be backported to older versions.
It also helps when trying to find which patch is the most likely to have caused
a regression.
Specifically, bugs must be clearly easy to spot so that they're never missed.
Any patch fixing a bug must have the "BUG" tag in its subject. Most common
patch types include :
- BUG fix for a bug. The severity of the bug should also be indicated
when known. Similarly, if a backport is needed to older versions,
it should be indicated on the last line of the commit message. If
the bug has been identified as a regression brought by a specific
patch or version, this indication will be appreciated too. New
maintenance releases are generally emitted when a few of these
patches are merged. If the bug is a vulnerability for which a CVE
identifier was assigned before you publish the fix, you can mention
it in the commit message, it will help distro maintainers.
- CLEANUP code cleanup, silence of warnings, etc... theorically no impact.
These patches will rarely be seen in stable branches, though they
may appear when they remove some annoyance or when they make
backporting easier. By nature, a cleanup is always of minor
importance and it's not needed to mention it.
- DOC updates to any of the documentation files, including README. Many
documentation updates are backported since they don't impact the
product's stability and may help users avoid bugs. So please
indicate in the commit message if a backport is desired. When a
feature gets documented, it's preferred that the doc patch appears
in the same patch or after the feature patch, but not before, as it
becomes confusing when someone working on a code base including
only the doc patch won't understand why a documented feature does
not work as documented.
- REORG code reorganization. Some blocks may be moved to other places,
some important checks might be swapped, etc... These changes
always present a risk of regression. For this reason, they should
never be mixed with any bug fix nor functional change. Code is
only moved as-is. Indicating the risk of breakage is highly
recommended. Minor breakage is tolerated in such patches if trying
to fix it at once makes the whole change even more confusing. That
may happen for example when some #ifdefs need to be propagated in
every file consecutive to the change.
- BUILD updates or fixes for build issues. Changes to makefiles also fall
into this category. The risk of breakage should be indicated if
known. It is also appreciated to indicate what platforms and/or
configurations were tested after the change.
- OPTIM some code was optimised. Sometimes if the regression risk is very
low and the gains significant, such patches may be merged in the
stable branch. Depending on the amount of code changed or replaced
and the level of trust the author has in the change, the risk of
regression should be indicated.
- RELEASE release of a new version (development or stable).
- LICENSE licensing updates (may impact distro packagers).
When the patch cannot be categorized, it's best not to put any type tag. This is
commonly the case for new features, which development versions are mostly made
Additionally, the importance of the patch or severity of the bug it fixes must
be indicated when relevant. A single upper-case word is preferred, among :
- MINOR minor change, very low risk of impact. It is often the case for
code additions that don't touch live code. As a rule of thumb, a
patch tagged "MINOR" is safe enough to be backported to stable
branches. For a bug, it generally indicates an annoyance, nothing
- MEDIUM medium risk, may cause unexpected regressions of low importance or
which may quickly be discovered. In short, the patch is safe but
touches working areas and it is always possible that you missed
something you didn't know existed (eg: adding a "case" entry or
an error message after adding an error code to an enum). For a bug,
it generally indicates something odd which requires changing the
configuration in an undesired way to work around the issue.
- MAJOR major risk of hidden regression. This happens when large parts of
the code are rearranged, when new timeouts are introduced, when
sensitive parts of the session scheduling are touched, etc... We
should only exceptionally find such patches in stable branches when
there is no other option to fix a design issue. For a bug, it
indicates severe reliability issues for which workarounds are
identified with or without performance impacts.
- CRITICAL medium-term reliability or security is at risk and workarounds,
if they exist, might not always be acceptable. An upgrade is
absolutely required. A maintenance release may be emitted even if
only one of these bugs are fixed. Note that this tag is only used
with bugs. Such patches must indicate what is the first version
affected, and if known, the commit ID which introduced the issue.
The expected length of the commit message grows with the importance of the
change. While a MINOR patch may sometimes be described in 1 or 2 lines, MAJOR
or CRITICAL patches cannot have less than 10-15 lines to describe exactly the
impacts otherwise the submitter's work will be considered as rough sabotage.
For BUILD, DOC and CLEANUP types, this tag is not always relevant and may be
The area the patch applies to is quite important, because some areas are known
to be similar in older versions, suggesting a backport might be desirable, and
conversely, some areas are known to be specific to one version. The area is a
single-word lowercase name the contributor find clear enough to describe what
part is being touched. The following tags are suggested but not limitative :
- examples example files. Be careful, sometimes these files are packaged.
- tests regression test files. No code is affected, no need to upgrade.
- init initialization code, arguments parsing, etc...
- config configuration parser, mostly used when adding new config keywords
- http the HTTP engine
- stats the stats reporting engine
- cli the stats socket CLI
- checks the health checks engine (eg: when adding new checks)
- sample the sample fetch system (new fetch or converter functions)
- acl the ACL processing core or some ACLs from other areas
- peers the peer synchronization engine
- lua the Lua scripting engine
- listeners everything related to incoming connection settings
- frontend everything related to incoming connection processing
- backend everything related to LB algorithms and server farm
- session session processing and flags (very sensible, be careful)
- server server connection management, queueing
- ssl the SSL/TLS interface
- proxy proxy maintenance (start/stop)
- log log management
- poll any of the pollers
- halog the halog sub-component in the contrib directory
- contrib any addition to the contrib directory
Other names may be invented when more precise indications are meaningful, for
instance : "cookie" which indicates cookie processing in the HTTP core. Last,
indicating the name of the affected file is also a good way to quickly spot
changes. Many commits were already tagged with "stream_sock" or "cfgparse" for
It is required that the type of change and the severity when relevant are
indicated, as well as the touched area when relevant as well in the patch
subject. Normally, we would have the 3 most often. The two first criteria should
be present before a first colon (':'). If both are present, then they should be
delimited with a slash ('/'). The 3rd criterion (area) should appear next, also
followed by a colon. Thus, all of the following messages are valid :
Examples of messages :
- DOC: document options forwardfor to logasap
- DOC/MAJOR: reorganize the whole document and change indenting
- BUG: stats: connection reset counters must be plain ascii, not HTML
- BUG/MINOR: stats: connection reset counters must be plain ascii, not HTML
- MEDIUM: checks: support multi-packet health check responses
- RELEASE: Released version 1.4.2
- BUILD: stats: stdint is not present on solaris
- OPTIM/MINOR: halog: make fgets parse more bytes by blocks
- REORG/MEDIUM: move syscall redefinition to specific places
Please do not use square brackets anymore around the tags, because they induce
more work when merging patches, which need to be hand-edited not to lose the
enclosed part.
In fact, one of the only square bracket tags that still makes sense is '[RFC]'
at the beginning of the subject, when you're asking for someone to review your
change before getting it merged. If the patch is OK to be merged, then it can
be merge as-is and the '[RFC]' tag will automatically be removed. If you don't
want it to be merged at all, you can simply state it in the message, or use an
alternate 'WIP/' prefix in front of your tag tag ("work in progress").
The tags are not rigid, follow your intuition first, and they may be readjusted
when your patch is merged. It may happen that a same patch has a different tag
in two distinct branches. The reason is that a bug in one branch may just be a
cleanup or safety measure in the other one because the code cannot be triggered.
Working with Git
For a more efficient interaction between the mainline code and your code, you
are strongly encouraged to try the Git version control system :
It's very fast, lightweight and lets you undo/redo your work as often as you
want, without making your mistakes visible to the rest of the world. It will
definitely help you contribute quality code and take other people's feedback
in consideration. In order to clone the HAProxy Git repository :
$ git clone (development)
If you decide to use Git for your developments, then your commit messages will
have the subject line in the format described above, then the whole description
of your work (mainly why you did it) will be in the body. You can directly send
your commits to the mailing list, the format is convenient to read and process.
It is recommended to create a branch for your work that is based on the master
branch :
$ git checkout -b 20150920-fix-stats master
You can then do your work and even experiment with multiple alternatives if you
are not completely sure that your solution is the best one :
$ git checkout -b 20150920-fix-stats-v2
Then reorder/merge/edit your patches :
$ git rebase -i master
When you think you're ready, reread your whole patchset to ensure there is no
formating or style issue :
$ git show master..
And once you're satisfied, you should update your master branch to be sure that
nothing changed during your work (only needed if you left it unattended for days
or weeks) :
$ git checkout -b 20150920-fix-stats-rebased
$ git fetch origin master:master
$ git rebase master
You can build a list of patches ready for submission like this :
$ git format-patch master
The output files are the patches ready to be sent over e-mail, either via a
regular e-mail or via git send-email (carefully check the man page). Don't
destroy your other work branches until your patches get merged, it may happen
that earlier designs will be preferred for various reasons. Patches should be
sent to the mailing list : and CCed to relevant subsystem
maintainers or authors of the modified files if their address appears at the
top of the file.
Please don't send pull-requests, they are really unconvenient. First, a pull
implies a merge operation and the code doesn't move fast enough to justify the
use of merges. Second, pull requests are not easily commented on by the
project's participants, contrary to e-mails where anyone is allowed to have an
opinion and to express it.
-- end